The number of new renal transplant patients shows an initial rise from 172 transplants per year in 2002 to a peak of 192 transplants in 2004. From 2004 onwards, the number of new transplant continues to decline to 81 in 2014. This is due to reduction in the number of commercial transplantations done overseas.
In terms of renal transplant recipients’ characteristics, age at transplant has remained unchanged, with a mean between 35 to 40 years old. Between 57% and 70% of recipients were males over the last 10 years.
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Local cadaveric transplantation had shown a promising rise from 10 recipients in 2005 to 34 recipients in 2014. There were more local transplantations (87%) compared to commercial transplantations in oversea (13%).
The proportion of commercial transplantation has gradually reduced from 70% in 2005 to 8% in 2013 with slight increase to 13% in 2014. This was predominantly due to the marked decline in commercial cadaveric transplantation (63% in 2005 and 1% in 2014), which was in keeping with the implementation of restriction of cadaveric organ transplantation by the Chinese Ministry of Health.
Live donor transplantation made up 42% of transplants (32 recipients) in 2014, which was decrease from 68% (63 recipients) in 2013. However, the number of life donor has remained low.
Local cadaveric transplantation made up 29% of transplants (35 recipients) in 2010 and it had shown a promising rise to 33% (40 recipients) in 2011. 2007 marked the first time where there were more local transplantations (55%) compared to commercial transplantations in oversea (45%).